January in the Garden means winter solstice is behind us and daylight hours are gradually lengthening. Your garden will, noticeably, appreciate the change in light conditions. There is no better time to start preparing for the year ahead, so, here are 12 activities to do for your Garden and Plants in January,
Begin planning this year’s garden.
Consider companion planting—some plants grow better when planted near each other!
Add plants that attract beneficial insects (such as sunflower, yarrow, dill, and coriander).
Try a desktop or mobile Garden Planners:
- Garden Plan Pro, for the iPhone and iPad, helps you grow fruit and vegetables to the best of their ability, whatever the size or shape of your garden or plot
- Better Homes and Gardens, Plan-a-Garden, for any device, lets you design anything from a patio-side container garden to your whole yard with lots of templates to choose from.
- My Garden, a browser app, from Gardena allows you to drop an extensive range of objects onto a blank lawn to design your garden.
- More sophisticated than many rivals, Marshalls Garden Visualizer tool is 3D, and allows you to upload a photo of your garden.
- SketchUp, Not purely for garden design, it includes landscape templates.
- VR Gardens allows you to choose from pre-designed gardens or create your own from scratch al in 3D and Virtual Reality.
Before the spring, test your garden soil for its pH levels
Having great plants starts with having great soil. Get a broad picture of your soil’s nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and an accurate pH measure, with a soil test. It is recommended to start with a lab soil test for maximum accuracy but a home test will give you a good idea of how your fertilizing regime is going. Make sure your garden has the nutrients it needs.
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Check your storage areas and get rid of old and unwanted pesticides
Many people believe that some pesticides are safe, while others are dangerous. Actually, the words “safe” and “dangerous” are misleading. Any chemical, including any pesticide, can pose risks to people, pets, or the environment. Understanding pesticide risk will help you take steps to minimize it.
Proper pesticide storage is important to protect people, animals, and the pesticide itself. Remember:
- The Container Matters
- Temperature Matters
- Location Matters
- Safety Matters
source: Online School BC
Plant hardy, pest- and disease-resistant plants, especially if certain varieties have been troublesome in the past.
For many gardeners, constantly battling unwanted wild animals, diseased canes, foliage, or blooms is both time consuming and expensive, not to mention some of the chemicals used to combat diseases and animals are harmful to the environment. There’s an easy solution: choose naturally disease and animal resistant plants!
Prune trees and shrubs while they’re dormant.
- For trees and shrubs that bloom in summer, prune on the current year’s growth in winter.
- Note: For those that bloom in spring from buds on 1-year-old wood, prune just after flowers fade.