Home canning is not complicated. It is a simple procedure that applies heat to food in a closed glass jar to interrupt the natural decaying that would otherwise take place. The air we breathe and all foods in their natural state contain microorganisms, such as moulds, yeasts, bacteria and enzymes.
Food spoils when these factors are not controlled. Proper, safe home canning procedures control the growth of spoilage microorganisms allowing us to keep food beyond its normal storage period
Fresh local produced goods produce the best canning result.
Before You Get Started
Preparation and information are the keys to successful home canning. Swan Lake Nurseryland have all the right tools, the best ingredients, and the best step-by-step guides for the recipe you’re canning.
Many of the tools for home canning are found in any well-stocked kitchen. However, certain utensils are designed specifically for home canning. Here is a complete list of the kitchen essentials and helpful aids you will need to easily prepare and put up recipes. Those tools are available in store..
- Mason Jars or Freezer Jars
- Two-piece SNAP LID® or Freezer Jar lids
- Large deep pot to prepare recipe
- Canner – either a large deep pot fitted with rack and lid (Boiling water canner for high acids foods) or a (pressure canner for low acids foods).
- Accurate measuring spoons and cups
Other useful items
- Long handled spoons and spatulas
- Ladle or handled cup to transfer recipe to jars
- Jelly Bags (for jelly)
- Wide mouth funnel
- Jar lifter
- Weight scale
- Hand protection – oven gloves and rubber gloves
- High Acid or Low Acid….and other processing factors
While the results will taste the same, the process of canning in Vernon will differ from the process of canning in Vancouver. Altitude plays an important factor in processing times for home canning. Similarly, foods require different processing based on acid levels:
High Acid Foods include fruits, fruit juices, jams, jellies and other fruit spreads, tomatoes with added acid, pickles, relishes, chutneys, sauces, vinegars and condiments.
Low Acid foods include vegetables, soups, stews, meats, poultry, seafood and tomato or vegetable mixtures or sauces. Select the proper “Step-by-Step” method to ensure safe and delicious results.