Highly valued throughout the ages as a culinary spice, garlic is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world. It is a hardy perennial belonging to the liliaceae family.
Do not buy garlic that is soft, shows evidence of decay or is beginning to sprout.
It is best stored at room temperature in an uncovered container in a cool, dark place away from exposure to heat and sunlight. Storing it in this manner will help prevent sprouting.
Depending on its age and variety, a whole garlic bulb will keep fresh from 2 weeks to 2 months.